St Thomas Feb'y 15th 1835
I have taken another opportunity of writing to you to let you know that I am in good health thank God for his goodness that he has bestowed upon me and hoping that these lines will find you all in the same if it please God but the Lord's will must be done.
I am very much pleas'd with the letter I have received from you & the good advice that my brother Thomas gives me about con-----. I received your letter that was dated october l6th on Feb the 8th & read it with much plesure hearing that you were all well & I suppose that my brother had rec'd it about one month or six weeks ago. he said that they ware all well at his home & returning great thanks to my father for what he has done for him.
He came from his place through the woods which was about 20 miles in one day with his oxen & slay to one of my masters brothers & stopped there all night which they rec'd him with mutch pleasure & then he came to my masters the next day & stopp'd there 2 nights which was about another 20 miles which made him come from home. I had bought him a hog 271 lb wt. which I gave 8 Dollars & 64 cents it being at the rate of 4 dol per hundred lbs one dollar is 8 shillings York & 4 s. english. I salted the hog & put it into a barrel which I bought for him too at my master's house. John's Daughter is about 10 mo. old & he said that she has begun to creep about & to climb up by the chairs & offer to talk a little. his oxen is very good & one of them is 5 years old & the other 6 this spring which he gave fifty doll. for them & he has the same sow yet.
He said that he had rather neglected writing but he was expecting to go down to St. David's to his wife's fathers & then he would have wrote but there has not been mutch slaying which it is about 160 miles down the country. His wife is pretty good looking but not as clever as his mother she has been well brought up & has gone to school most of her time in England but to person as mutch as I can compare her too is to Christina Golding but a little taller & straighter. I could not say mutch about anything when I was along with him but now I have my own away I can say what I have a mind. Her name was Steans before she married. Her mother has been married twice her first name was Steans.
I have been about three mo. from him now I am living along with Mr Pearce whitch we both wrought for in summer for 9 dollars & 1/2 per mo for six months begining at the tweleth of November & it will be about the twelvth of May when my time is up. I have engaged for half cash 1 cow & the rest store pay I suppose that you will not know anything about store pay, it is in trade betwixt my master & the shop keeper. They behave verry well with me. I always go to my meals with them let those be what visitors there will. I always have to sit down to table with them expecting there to be a great number & they always look to me as well as their visitors having too twice a day pork three times a day & often buck wheat cakes made like little pan cakes which I do very much admire.
My master is a framer he can make an excellent frame house. My work is to milk take care of his cattle & horses he has got three of them they are all mares 2 of them in foal & I dare say a third to thrash & chop down trees & sometimes go to mill with his grist with wagon & span of work mares some times. I take fire wood logs in to the village I live about 1 mile & 1/2 from St. Thomas it being in Yarmouth where I live a but it is so near to St. Thomas it always goes by the same name of it my master has got 200 acres of land of which about 70 of it is clear & the rest all wood.
I was along with John on his place about 10 weeks & we chopped down a bout 2 acres & cleared it up by fire excepting the rail timber & I helped him to cut down trees for his house and when we had got all ready he invited all the neighbours rouns about him and we ----- it up together in one day & about 2 hours of another excepting the roof & finishing it of. I dug him the most part of a cellar under his house which was verry hard the ground being verry dry being twelve foot square and 5 deep I helped him to put in rather better than an acre of wheat the time I was there.
Mosa is a well settled place but it is only a new place having 2 stores & a post office in it it is about 30 miles from London. John lives about 1 mile from Mosa. He lives right on the river bank nearly about 100 yards from the river having about 4 acres of flat on the river the farm is well watered & all verry good land excepting about 15 acres which is rather light & sandy nature there is a great deal of moss, excellent oak trees on it some bas wood, iron wood, ellem, Hiccory, black & white ash, Maple some cherry wood & wall nut trees there is one wall nut tree that is cut down and there was a large ----- cut off it about six foot through. His next neighbour on the adjoining lot cut down about 3/4 of an acre that was all that was done to it before he went there the man's line not being run through betwixt the lots which made him get wrong.
I wish to satisfy you of all that I know & answer your letter. I got my victuals where I wrought people generally gets there board where they work at here I have heard nothing from Cousin John Strong since I left him at Fort Erie I was verry sorry to hear that John Kendals family is all died I was verry glad to hear that you have excelent crops I would not advise nor disadvise for fear you should not like the country but I like the country very well & I have had no sickness since I come here excepting a little dissentary a coming on the canal but I took a doze of salts which helped me right off I have no fear but an idustrious man getting a living hear a man that is desirous of doing well.
So John & Mary's compliments to you all & all enquiring friends & relations Uncles & Aunts
I feel myself verry happy in this country & I have bought 100 acres of land ------ verry near to Johns lot a verry good lot of land on the river & has paid one payment on it 75 dollars & there would be no doubt but I could pay it all in 2 or 3 years if it pleased God to spare me & I had my health but I should be verry glad of a little money as it would be best then I would not have so much interest to pay I think 50 pounds would do if its suits you I should have not bought any land yet but the people was coming in verry fast so I thought I would make of my chance for a good lot to get as nigh to my brothers as I could then we could change works I would like to receive it at the money to be paid to Thomas Wilson & Co London agents to the Bank of Upper Canada but I would like to receive it in sovereigns if any of my brothers has any notion of coming out if they do they must come by Kendal & by Liverpool I would advise it & direct & give my respects to Mr Tufton in a -----
To my dearest parents brothers & sisters I send my compliments to Uncles & Aunts & all enquiring friends to Robert Richardson So I remain your very --- & well wishing son.
[Supplementary on page used for envelope]
There is a great many wolves which takes the sheep------ & a great many bears but they dont do much harm Some ----- a great many turkeys some geese a great many turkeys some partidge & no pheasants & some quails & pidgeons. I shot 3 pidgeons one day and day I shot 2 at one shot they are very good to shoot & I have shot some black squirrels they are good to eat
We have had some verry cold weather here in November. There was some verry hard frost 2 or three days on the 7th of Feb. I had one of my fingers froze on the end of it I can compare it to nothing but a burn because it blisters Strong shoes is to no use have now the nails that's in them for the road is all soft just like the ----- road the very softest of it I bought myself a pair of Wellington Boots which is very useful in the snow in winter spring & fall the road is worst.
You must direct your letter the same as last. You must mind what I have said about the roads & shoes.
[Reference: 1835 letter.jpg, 1835 letter1.jpg, 1835 letter2.jpg, 1835 letter3.jpg, 1835 letter interpretation.jpg and 1835 letter interpretation1.jpg Note: This letter was posted on Dennis Simpson's www.zonzorp.net/dennis/family-tree website, but are not part of the warner collection of letters also posted there.]
Letter: Pg 1 [545kB] 2 [574kB] 3 [585kB] 4 [442kB] (rotated) 5 [585kB] 6 [615kB] 7 [626kB] 8 [441kB] Original Interpretations: Pg 1 [617kB] 2 [404kB]
Last revised 2005-05-03