from William Simpson

Mosa July 18th 1841

Dear Parents Brothers and Sisters all my Relations and Acquantainces

You will all be desirous of hearing what such a passage I had I will relate unto you the truth as near as I am able I expect you will have heard long before this time that I am safe landed upon the Americas shore Thank God

I got into Liverpool on the 3rd of April We sailed into the river on the 7th and stayed there till the 10th we were drawn of by a Steam Boat a good few miles not far from the place where the ship went down when the Steam Boat and the ship met together it being a very fine Day 11th and 12th two very fine Days 13th Heavy Storm and continued three or four days 14 We sailed past a vessell which set off 4 Days before us Heavy Gales of Wind. 15th also 16th The Sea raging mountains high there was a good many that would have been very glad if they could have got to Land They would have never minded their passage money We kept our Beds very Close time the rough weather lasted. We only got one meal in the Day on account of the water coming splashing over the front of the ship and puting the fires out We paid six pence to the Cook for Boiling a Kettle full of Water

17 Calm weather 18th Fine sailing we had Church prayers read and a Sermon preached by a Church Minister 2 Ships came past to Liverpool 19th Fine day 20th Two ships one for Liverpool the other going to France the Captain spoke to the Captain of that vessel 21st I counted to seventeen ships sailing on the wide Ocean I heard one of the Sailors say he saw 35 ships this morning there was an Fish Brigg coming to Liverpool 22nd a Twenty ships in sight. I heard the sailers say they weare ships of War. one ship coming to Liverpool four great Fish about the size of a Boat In the afternoon our Captain spoke to another vessel which set off ten days before us he spoke to another the same night slow sailing

23rd I saw three ships two for New York one for Liverpool rough weather 24th Rough also one ship for Liverpool 25 Sea raging mountains high we could not sit upon the Boxes without holding fast with our hands all the time and when upon Deck we had to hold by the side of the ship there was many on got a fall upon Deck a most tremendious rough night 26 a little Calmer the wind being a head of us I saw a good many porpoise fish 27 Fast sailing 28 Slow sailing a large fish a small fish called Porteguese Man of War 29th Sailing very fast 30 Two ships in sight

May 1st one ship in sight a fish called Porteguese Man of War Six whales upon the banks of Newfoundland We would have been across the Sea by this time if we had gone straight forward the wind always being a head of us we sailed sometimes 20 miles where one would have done we are about 1500 Hundred Miles from Land 2nd Two ships in sight Two whales 3rd Two o clock in the morning a most tremendious Squal of wind our Captain thought all his masts would be broken 6 feet of water upon deck above where I was laying I heard one man say the ship was like a little bird flying before the Wind we sailed sometimes 100 miles in one Day

4th Two ships in sight Two Whales 5th one ship also the Steam Packet for Liverpool 6th one Ship for Liverpool also a good many fish called Porteguese Man of War 7th A tremeadious rough Day The sea raging mountains high the sails were all obliged to be taken down The top mast was split we were droven about 50 miles back with in 30 miles of Cape Britian 8th Very cold one ship for New York a good many porpoises also a good many Black Fish 9 Very cold four ships in sight Two for Liverpool Two for New York 10th Two ships in sight a good many Black fish 11th About Midnight a child of Mathew Alderson 11 Months old Died and was put into the Sea at 9 oclock 12 One ship in sight 13 Four ships in sight 14 Six Whales slow sailing The Ship standing still

15 Slow sailing a few fish a good many ships and Pilot Boats our Pilot came on Board there was other Two Pilots came to see if we wanted a Pilot 16th We got a view of Land and there was great rejoicing after a passage of 36 Days the ship struck Anchor and we stayed there till morning we were viewed by the Doctors 17th We were examined by the Custom House Officers to prevent any person from carrying any Bales of Cloth for sale which is called Smuggling then we were taken up to New York in three schoners the ship was obliged to be cleaned out before she could go up to New York she had to stay about [**]es off If I was sitting by your fireside [**] tel[**] many carious Tales since a [**] fill two or three sheets of Paper

[**] is all we stayed at New York all nig[**] We set off in a Steam Boat and we got in Troy on the 20th There we got onto the Canal Boat and I was in Buffalo on the 28th There was no Boats running betwixt Buffalo and Port Stanley 29 I was obliged to take the Rail Road from Buffalo to Lewiston I took the Steam Boat ----- and went to Hammilton I was there on the 30th I raised John Kendal out of Bed about 5 O clock in the morning 31st I set off with some men with Horses and Waggon I was in London on the 2nd of June I saw Tho's Dixon and Henry Dalton I got Dinner with Tho's Dixon

I walked from London to my Brother Georges I was there on the 3rd I have seen George and James Lamb from near War--- John Kendal sends his kind Love to the people & Robert Stepheson he inquired after Longmarton very much I told him that his Mother and Father looked as fresh as him. When I was at Hammilton I saw John Shields Daughter that was married she was only poorly then. This is nothing to what I could tell to you of I was with John Atkinson or John Savage my kind
Love to you both

Dear mother I hope you will never attemp to come to America it is a long and tedious journey for people that is got up in years or them that has large families but it is nothing for a young man to come to America It would only be like a jaunt for him if he did not like it he might soon get back again Dear mother you would never be as comfortable again A young man might soon earn as much money as would by a Hundred Acres of Land he can earn 24 pound a year and 60 pound will buy a Hundred Acres so in three years he might be the master of an Estate of Land I have never had any reason to regret since I left Longmarton. I only had one day of sickness and that was betwixt Carlisle and Liverpool sometimes I thought how much better off you were than we were when the Sea was raging mountains high when you were laying sleeping in bed I could scarce fall asleep on account of the water roling upon Deck and coming in the Hatch Way down to where we were sleeping I heard them people form Hilton say the wind was as strong upon Sea as it were upon the fell when the wind blew the strongest

You will most likely have heard of the accident that has happened upon Sea the Steamer President was expected into Liverpool two weeks before we came off people thinks she is lost there was one Ship lost near the banks of Newfoundland eight was saved out of sixteen and there was another ship was lost below Quebec with 132 passengers 82 was saved and other Ships had very rough weather some was seven weeks some ten weeks there was one Ship she laid 10 days among the Ice and other Ships the Passengers was fastned down five or six days on account of the weather and there was three or four woman at New York was crying on account of there Husbands setting off to come to America three or four weeks before them and the women was there before them

Isaac must take this letter down to Rachel Savages to read as quick as you have done reading it or any person else if they feel desirous to read it you must let me know where I John Atkinson or John Savage is living now

I have never seen John Robinsons Family they are living at the same place yet I came past that place in the night time I wrote a letter to them three weeks ago and I have never received an answer my brothers are expecting them up every day they were looking for them before I landed on the 10 of July my brother John there was one more added to his Family a fine little Girl they call her name Harriot I am going to stay with my Brother John this Summer my health is excelant and that place in my neck is got quite healed up you must remember me to Misses Lea of Penrith and Stess Lawson of Temple Sowerbey and all Uncles and Aunts and Cousins and they were all very glad when they received there presents

the next Letter I shall let you know more particulars about the Country Provision was all excelent so I must conclude by wishing you all health and prosperity long life and happiness Brothers and Sisters joins in love with me to you all you must write me a letter back as soon as you [**] make it convenient

I am [**]
Wm Simpson

so you must excuse me I think you will not be able to make it all out

[Envelope]
Mr John Simpson
Long-Marton
Near Appleby
Westmorland
Old England

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