from W. Elgey

Pittston July 30th 1870

My dear Sister, Nephews and Niece,

Having got to our journeys end and had three days to look around us, it now looks like our next duty to give you a brief account of our Voyage across the sea and what we have seen and learn'd since we left the Ship. In the first place let me say I hope ye are all well, and the hay is all hous,d, and well now. I wrote you from Liverpool and now I will commence whare my last report left off.

We entered on Ship board at Six O'Clock on the 13th Instant but we did not move on the way untill 1/2 past Eleven a.m. for that day and the night after it all went on very smooth and well. Same like next day untill we got past queens town whare we got a great number more passengers and after that we soon got out on the wild wide sea. Sickness then begun and every hour for three days or more the number of suffers increased the ship somewhat resembled the battle field with poor groaning Victoms My Son W. was sick two days and as for myself I never suffered any inconvienience through wind or wave and I believe would not supposing the Ship had risen as high as the moon providing she only kept right-side upwards. Some weak constituted bodies suffered Very much, however, the sick season got over and nearly all seem'd to soon forget their past troubles and all that could dance'd Capered about like having got out and free from all trouble hense forward for ever and ever. I cannot tell you the number of fiddlers we had on board among the lot was a woman from Ireland as blind as can be. She fiddled one night at the Ball, and Balls was on nearly every night after the Sickly season. we had another blind woman, and one old man minus a leg off close to his body. We were somewhare between 6, and 7 hundred in number a great many was Prussians and Dutch, Irish, and English and Welsh, a great lot of all sorts was collected together in the for part of the Ship which were going to the Salt Lake City they had a lot of Elders going along with them These saints was kept as much as possoble from missing up with the sinners

After 13 days sail we reached New York, and the sight of land again after so dreary a sight would be a treat though the Land should bleak and barren but the sight which we beheld on Tuesday morning when we got upon deck was such as we never saw before for beauty and granduer both on Land and on the Water. As Columbus said when he discovered America we all came to the conclusion it was a new World we waited about half an hour before the American Officers came on board to Examine our Flock and then we found we had got into the hands of another Goverment. as soon as a bag or box was about to leave the Ship for to enter the American Boat a brass token was put on bearing a number in figures and the owners of each bagg and box gets a talley bearing the same marks this we each held untill we got our bags and boxes given up at the other side of the river. its a good plan for Emegrants and the same method is carried out on the rail roads so long as a passenger has his Checks he has no trouble with his Luggish for should any be took the Goverment has to make the lost good but to be as brief as possoble I may say after we has got Registered by the Officers we then began to look for a place to get a Wash and some Refreshment and to stay all night at but we soon decided to take the train at first chance and travel all night as it would be cooler than the day, as the sun had killed very many both men and horses on that day and the day before we landed. after two hundred miles travel on the rail the train to a stand still at 12 O'Clock P.M. at a town called Scranton about ten miles off our journeys end here we put up for the night and took train next morning at 1/4 past 7 O'Clock and got to the end of our journey between 8 and 9 we had about 2 miles to walk after leaving the train. Its a long journey but after all we found the Country delightfull in appearance as far as we have seen and as healthey as any part of old England. Christopher, George and Mary we found them all first rate. The two houses the lads has built was finished the same day we arrived. we shifted into one of them the day following and the other house is let for 6 Dollars per Month. The houses are pleasantly situated commanding a view both splendid and romantic for miles around, but I must draw to close wishing you every earthly enjoyment with all our affectionate regards.

I remain always truly W. Elgey.

Notes: 1. Pittston: Town on Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania. 2. Queenstown: Major seaport on south coast of Ireland (County Cork). 3. Instant: The current month, e.g., your letter of the 15th instant. 4. W. Elgey may be William Elgey who was an uncle of the Simpson children that came to Canada.

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